- Many children have fears and worries, and may feel sad and hopeless from time to time.
- Strong fears may appear at different times during development. For example, toddlers are often very distressed about being away from their parents, even if they are safe and cared for.
- Although some fears and worries are typical in children, persistent or extreme forms of fear and sadness could be due to anxiety or depression.
- Anxiety and depression affect many children
- When children do not outgrow the fears and worries that are typical in young children,
- when there are so many fears and worries that they interfere with school, home, or play activities etc.
- Then the child may be diagnosed with an anxiety disorder.
Examples of different types of anxiety disorders include:
- Being very afraid when away from parents (separation anxiety)
- Having extreme fear about a specific thing or situation, such as dogs, insects, or going to the doctor (phobias)
- Being very afraid of school and other places where there are people (social anxiety)
- Being very worried about the future and about bad things happening (general anxiety)
- Having repeated episodes of sudden, unexpected, intense fear that come with symptoms like heart pounding, having trouble breathing, or feeling dizzy, shaky, or sweaty (panic disorder)
Anxiety may present as fear or worry, but can also make children irritable and angry. Anxiety symptoms can also include trouble sleeping, as well as physical symptoms like fatigue, headaches, or stomachaches. Some anxious children keep their worries to themselves and, thus, the symptoms can be missed may lead to Depression.
What Causes Depression in Children?
- Occasionally being sad or feeling hopeless is a part of every child’s life.
- However, some children feel sad or uninterested in things that they used to enjoy, or feel helpless or hopeless in situations they are able to change.
- When children feel persistent sadness and hopelessness, they may be diagnosed with depression.
- Examples of behaviors often seen in children with depression include
- Feeling sad, hopeless, or irritable a lot of the time
- Not wanting to do, or enjoy doing, fun things
- Showing changes in eating patterns – eating a lot more or a lot less than usual
- Showing changes in sleep patterns – sleeping a lot more or a lot less than normal
- Showing changes in energy – being tired and sluggish or tense and restless a lot of the time
- Having a hard time paying attention
- Feeling worthless, useless, or guilty
- Showing self-injury and self-destructive behavior
What causes anxiety disorders in children?
- Some children are simply born more anxious and less able to cope with stress than others.
- Children can also pick up anxious behavior from being around anxious people.
- Some children develop anxiety after stressful events, such as:
- frequently moving house or school
- parents fighting or arguing
- the death of a close relative or friend
- becoming seriously ill or getting injured in an accident
- school-related issues like exams or bullying
- being abused or neglected
Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autistic spectrum disorders are more likely to have problems with anxiety
Extreme depression can lead a child to think about suicide or plan for suicide.
- For youth ages 10-24 years, suicide is among the leading causes of death.
- Some children may not talk about their helpless and hopeless thoughts, and may not appear sad. Depression might also cause a child to make trouble or act unmotivated, causing others not to notice that the child is depressed, or to incorrectly label the child as a trouble-maker or lazy.
- Treatment for Anxiety and Depression
- HOMEOPATHIC Treatment is most of the time successful as the first step treatment along with necessary counselling sessions with the family for a proper evaluation.
- Some of the signs and symptoms of anxiety or depression in children could be caused by other conditions, such as trauma.
- A mental health professional can develop a therapy plan that works for the child and family. Behavior therapy includes child therapy, family therapy, or a combination of both.
- Staying healthy is important for all children, and can be especially important for children with depression or anxiety.
- In addition to getting the right treatment,
- leading a healthy lifestyle can play a role in managing symptoms of depression or anxiety.
- Having a healthy eating plan cantered on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes (beans, peas, and lentils), lean protein sources, and nuts and seeds
- Participating in physical activity each day based on age
- Getting the recommended amount of sleep each night based on age
- Practicing mindfulness or relaxation techniques